- On October 30th, General Emílio Garrastazu Médici takes over as president in Brasília. He replaces Marshal Arthur da Costa e Silva, on leave from his post since September 1st due to ill health. The country’s darkest period is initiated during his mandate.

- On November 4th, the São Paulo police, under the command of police chief Sérgio Paranhos Fleury, kill guerrilla Carlos Marighella, leader of the ALN (Ação Libertadora Nacional – National Liberating Action).

- The conflict between the military and left-wing guerilla movements erupts in Brazil.

- On the cultural plane, imprisonment, exile and censorship decree the end of a golden era in Brazilian culture and the beginning of ações marginais (guerilla tactics) within art and society.