- The year in which mankind conquers the Moon. On July 20th, two American astronauts, Neil Armstrong and Edwin (Buzz) Aldrin Jr., set foot on the Moon, six hours after smoothly landing the Apollo lunar module.

- The biggest success in the career of movie director Stanley Kubrick, 2001: A Space Odyssey, wins the Oscar for special effects.

- In Europe, the De Gaulle era ends in France, with the defeat of the President of the Republic in a referendum on decentralization and Senate reform.

- Once again, on November 15th, the largest peaceful demonstration against the Vietnam War takes place in Washington.

- One of the most vigorous movies of the 60s – Easy Rider- is released, directed by Dennis Hopper and starring Peter Fonda, Jack Nicholson and Hopper himself. The film is a critique of the intolerance and vulgarity of American society.

- In August, the movie actress Sharon Tate, wife of film director Roman Polanski and eight months pregnant, is murdered in her house in Beverly Hills, Los Angeles, by a group of fanatics led by Charles Manson.

- In the same month, the largest festival of peace and love ever held takes place. On August 17th, around half a million people face traffic jams, a lack of food and water as well as endless rain, to live three days of rapture at the Woodstock Festival of Music and Arts, near the town of Bethel, New York State.